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Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/

启动mysql 报错:
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock’ (2)
1、先查看 /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld status 看看m y s q l 是否已经启动.
另外看看是不是权限问题.

2、确定你的mysql.sock是不是在那个位置,
mysql -u 你的mysql用户名 -p -S /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

3、试试:service mysqld start

4、如果是权限问题,则先改变权限 #chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start
启动 MySQL: [ 确定 ]
[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p

ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock' (2)
原因是,/var/lib/mysql 的访问权限问题。

shell> chown -R mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysql
接着启动服务器
shell> /etc/init.d/mysql start

服务器正常启动后察看 /var/lib/mysql 自动生成mysql.sock文件。
但是我的问题仍然没有得到解决。
方法:    修改/etc/my.conf:
[mysqld] 
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data 
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock 

[mysql.server] 
user=mysql 
basedir=/usr/local/mysql 

If there is not currently a section called [client], add one at the bottom of the file and copy the socket= line under the [mysqld] section such as: 

[client] 
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

发现依旧如此,运行/etc/init.d/mysql start报错:    Starting MySQLCouldn't find MySQL manager or server 
是mysqld服务没启,运行/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &
问题解决。 (责任编辑:田胜鑫)